People may need to use a wheelchair for many reasons. Some people have birth defects that make walking hard or impossible. Others may have a temporary setback such as a stroke that can impair their overall mobility. Sometimes people have suffered an accident and need to be moved safely in order to avoid further injuries. In that case, using a wheelchair allows them to move about freely and quickly and allows the person moving them to do so without strain. If you are assisting someone using a wheelchair, you’ll want to make sure they get to their destination safely and easily.
Make Sure the Brakes are On
Wheelchairs come with brakes. These brakes are designed to keep the chair from moving by accident. You want to examine the chair closely. Different types of wheelchairs have different types of braking mechanisms. Some can be operated by hand while others are more complicated. It’s a good idea to take the time and get familiar with the brakes on the chair. This way, you know exactly how to keep in one place as long as necessary.
Examine all Potential Obstacles in Their Path
As you bring the wheelchair where needs to go, you want to make sure nothing is in your path. Even small problems such as bricks or stones can put the occupant in danger. It’s a good idea to work with someone else as you bring the person where they need to be. One person can assist the patient in making sure they are okay while the other keeps a close eye on any problems that might impede movement of the chair. Be particularly careful when it’s cold and icy. Small bits of ice can get in the wheelchair and cause damage unexpectedly. The same is true of heavy rain. In that case, make sure you have an umbrella on hand to protect the person against the elements.
Have all Necessary Transfer Boards On Hand
Transporting someone in a wheelchair can mean bringing them from one surface to the next. For example, a person may need to be brought from their bed to the wheelchair or from a seated position to wheelchair. This is typically accomplished by a sliding board or transfer board designed for this purpose. These boards are safe and easy to use. They make it possible to transport a patient without putting too much weight on the person doing the transfer. Keep them around and in good shape as you work with a person in wheelchair. Ask them if they have one they would personally like to use.
Keep Extremities Inside The Chair
It’s best to know what issues the person may have before you begin. Mobility injuries can span a vast range. Someone may be a paraplegic with limited or no motion in their legs but have full use of their hands. Another person may have problems with all of their extremities. Some people also have problems only one side of their body. You should know what you need to do so to keep them safe. For example, if they have no hand function, it’s important to make sure their hands are secured at all times during the transport process. It’s also important to keep people safe.
Secure the Seat
Before bringing someone to their ultimate destination, it’s crucial to make sure the entire seat and all areas of the wheelchair are secured firmly in order to avoid any possible movement. They may have a seatbelt that needs to be in place in order to proven problems with unwanted limb movement. A person may have also special, personalized areas of the chair in place that may move during transport. Items such as cushions need to be kept carefully in place in order to avoid injury. Once in the car or other transport vehicle, the person’s wheelchair should be locked firmly in place before doing anything else. A person may have their own technique to move the chair and keep it in the trunk while they sit in another seat in the vehicle. You may also have to assist them with tasks such as putting on the seatbelt.